Brown Gravy USDA Recipe for Schools

Our smooth and flavorful Brown Gravy recipe is made from a combination of whole-wheat flour, beef broth, and spices.
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Ingredients
 

50 Servings

    Weight

    • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
    • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
    • - - Flour, whole-wheat
    • - - Onion powder
    • - - Black or white pepper, ground
    • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
    • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
    • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

    Measure

    • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
    • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
    • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
    • 1 tsp Onion powder
    • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
    • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
    • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
    • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

    100 Servings

      Weight

      • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
      • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
      • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
      • - - Onion powder
      • - - Black or white pepper, ground
      • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
      • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
      • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

      Measure

      • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
      • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
      • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
      • 2 tsp Onion powder
      • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
      • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
      • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
      • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

      Quantity
       

      50 Servings

        Weight

        • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
        • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
        • - - Flour, whole-wheat
        • - - Onion powder
        • - - Black or white pepper, ground
        • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
        • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
        • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

        Measure

        • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
        • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
        • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
        • 1 tsp Onion powder
        • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
        • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
        • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
        • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

        100 Servings

          Weight

          • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
          • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
          • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
          • - - Onion powder
          • - - Black or white pepper, ground
          • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
          • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
          • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

          Measure

          • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
          • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
          • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
          • 2 tsp Onion powder
          • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
          • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
          • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
          • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

          Ingredients
           

          50 Servings

            Weight

            • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
            • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
            • - - Flour, whole-wheat
            • - - Onion powder
            • - - Black or white pepper, ground
            • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
            • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
            • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

            Measure

            • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
            • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
            • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
            • 1 tsp Onion powder
            • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
            • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
            • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
            • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

            100 Servings

              Weight

              • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
              • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
              • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
              • - - Onion powder
              • - - Black or white pepper, ground
              • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
              • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
              • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

              Measure

              • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
              • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
              • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
              • 2 tsp Onion powder
              • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
              • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
              • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
              • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

              Quantity
               

              50 Servings

                Weight

                • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                • - - Onion powder
                • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                Measure

                • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                • 1 tsp Onion powder
                • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                100 Servings

                  Weight

                  • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                  • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                  • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                  • - - Onion powder
                  • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                  • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                  • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                  • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                  Measure

                  • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                  • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                  • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                  • 2 tsp Onion powder
                  • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                  • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                  • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                  • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk
                  *See Marketing Guide

                  Ingredients
                   

                  50 Servings

                    Weight

                    • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                    • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                    • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                    • - - Onion powder
                    • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                    • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                    • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                    • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                    Measure

                    • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                    • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                    • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                    • 1 tsp Onion powder
                    • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                    • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                    • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                    • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                    100 Servings

                      Weight

                      • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                      • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                      • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                      • - - Onion powder
                      • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                      • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                      • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                      • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                      Measure

                      • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                      • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                      • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                      • 2 tsp Onion powder
                      • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                      • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                      • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                      • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                      Quantity
                       

                      50 Servings

                        Weight

                        • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                        • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                        • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                        • - - Onion powder
                        • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                        • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                        • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                        • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                        Measure

                        • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                        • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                        • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                        • 1 tsp Onion powder
                        • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                        • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                        • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                        • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                        100 Servings

                          Weight

                          • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                          • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                          • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                          • - - Onion powder
                          • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                          • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                          • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                          • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                          Measure

                          • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                          • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                          • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                          • 2 tsp Onion powder
                          • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                          • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                          • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                          • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk
                          *See Marketing Guide

                          Ingredients
                           

                          50 Servings

                            Weight

                            • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                            • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                            • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                            • - - Onion powder
                            • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                            • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                            • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                            • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                            Measure

                            • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                            • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                            • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                            • 1 tsp Onion powder
                            • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                            • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                            • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                            • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                            100 Servings

                              Weight

                              • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                              • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                              • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                              • - - Onion powder
                              • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                              • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                              • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                              • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                              Measure

                              • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                              • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                              • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                              • 2 tsp Onion powder
                              • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                              • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                              • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                              • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                              Quantity
                               

                              50 Servings

                                Weight

                                • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                                • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                                • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                                • - - Onion powder
                                • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                                • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                                • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                Measure

                                • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                                • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                                • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                                • 1 tsp Onion powder
                                • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                                • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                                • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                100 Servings

                                  Weight

                                  • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                                  • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                                  • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                                  • - - Onion powder
                                  • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                                  • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                                  • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                  • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                  Measure

                                  • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                                  • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                                  • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                                  • 2 tsp Onion powder
                                  • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                                  • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                                  • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                  • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk
                                  *See Marketing Guide

                                  Ingredients
                                   

                                  50 Servings

                                    Weight

                                    • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                                    • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                                    • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                                    • - - Onion powder
                                    • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                                    • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                                    • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                    • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                    Measure

                                    • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                                    • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                                    • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                                    • 1 tsp Onion powder
                                    • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                                    • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                                    • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                    • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                    100 Servings

                                      Weight

                                      • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                                      • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                                      • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                                      • - - Onion powder
                                      • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                                      • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                                      • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                      • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                      Measure

                                      • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                                      • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                                      • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                                      • 2 tsp Onion powder
                                      • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                                      • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                                      • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                      • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                      Quantity
                                       

                                      50 Servings

                                        Weight

                                        • 2 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                                        • 13 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                                        • - - Flour, whole-wheat
                                        • - - Onion powder
                                        • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                                        • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                                        • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                        • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                        Measure

                                        • ¹⁄4 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                                        • 2¹⁄2 cups *Fresh onions, diced
                                        • ¹⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp 1¹⁄2 tsp Flour, whole-wheat
                                        • 1 tsp Onion powder
                                        • ¹⁄4 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                                        • 1 qt ¹⁄2 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                                        • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                        • 1 qt 1 cup Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                        100 Servings

                                          Weight

                                          • 4 oz Margarine, trans-fat free
                                          • 1 lb 10 oz *Fresh onions, diced
                                          • 3 oz Flour, whole-wheat
                                          • - - Onion powder
                                          • - - Black or white pepper, ground
                                          • - - Beef broth, low-sodium
                                          • - - Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                          • - - Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk

                                          Measure

                                          • ¹⁄2 cup Margarine, trans-fat free
                                          • 1 qt 1 cup *Fresh onions, diced
                                          • ³⁄4 cup 3 Tbsp Flour, whole-wheat
                                          • 2 tsp Onion powder
                                          • ¹⁄2 tsp Black or white pepper, ground
                                          • 2 qt 1 cup Beef broth, low-sodium
                                          • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 1 (turkey gravy):
                                          • 2 qt 2 cups Variation 2 (cream gravy): Low-fat (1%) milk
                                          *See Marketing Guide

                                          Instructions
                                           

                                          • Melt margarine in a large stock pot. Heat uncovered over medium–high heat for 1–2 minutes or until margarine begins to smoke.
                                          • Add onions. Cook uncovered over medium–high heat for 10–15 minutes until onions are a dark, caramel color. Stir occasionally. Reduce heat to medium.
                                          • Add flour, onion powder, and pepper. Heat uncovered over medium heat for 1–2 minutes until flour begins to brown, stirring constantly.
                                          • Add broth. Heat uncovered over medium heat for 2 minutes, stirring constantly with a whisk to avoid lumping.
                                          • Scrape bottom of stock pot to avoid burning and to release particles into the gravy for flavor.
                                          • Simmer uncovered over medium heat for 5–10 minutes. Stir well.
                                          • Remove from heat. Purée ingredients in stock pot with a bermixer for 1–2 minutes until mixture has a smooth consistency.
                                          • Critical Control Point: Heat to 165 °F or higher for at least 15 seconds.
                                          • Pour 2 cups (about 1 lb) brown gravy into a steam table pan (12″ x 20″ x 2¹⁄2″).
                                            For 50 servings, use 2 pans.
                                            For 100 servings, use 4 pans.
                                          • Critical Control Point: Hold for hot service at 135 °F or higher.
                                          • Portion with ¹⁄2 fl oz ladle (1 Tbsp).
                                          • Variation 1 (Turkey Gravy):
                                            For step 1, heat margarine for 30 seconds to 1 minute uncovered over medium–high heat in a large stock pot.
                                            For step 2, add onions. Cook uncovered over medium–high heat for 5–8 minutes until onions are a light, caramel color.
                                            For step 3, proceed with recipe directions.
                                            For step 4, replace beef broth, low-sodium with turkey broth, low-sodium. Proceed with recipe directions for remaining steps.
                                            OR
                                            Variation 2 (Cream Gravy):
                                            For step 1, as soon as margarine melts, add onions.
                                            For step 2, allow onions to sweat for 1–2 minutes. Do not allow any browning.
                                            For step 3, heat ingredients for 30 seconds to avoid browning.
                                            For step 4, replace broth with half of the milk. After heating, add remaining milk. Stir well, and proceed to step 5.
                                            For step 6, simmer for 1–2 minutes. Proceed with recipe directions.

                                          Nutrition INFORMATION

                                          Nutrition Facts
                                          Brown Gravy USDA Recipe for Schools
                                          Amount Per Serving (0 ¹⁄2 fl oz ladle (1 Tbsp).)
                                          Calories 11 Calories from Fat 9
                                          % Daily Value*
                                          Total Fat 1g2%
                                          Saturated Fat 0g0%
                                          Cholesterol 0mg0%
                                          Sodium 47mg2%
                                          Potassium 14mg0%
                                          Total Carbohydrates 1g0%
                                          Dietary Fiber 0g0%
                                          Total Sugars 0g0%
                                          Protein 0g0%
                                          Vitamin D 5IU33%
                                          Calcium 2mg0%
                                          Iron 0mg0%
                                          *
                                          *Marketing Guide
                                          50 Servings:

                                          Mature onions: 1 lb

                                          100 Servings:

                                          Mature onions: 2 lb

                                          Notes

                                          *See Marketing Guide for purchasing information on foods that will change during preparation or when a variation of the ingredients is available.
                                          Cooking Process #2: Same Day Service.
                                          Yield / Volume
                                          50 Servings:

                                          About 2 lb

                                          About 1 qt/2 steam table pans

                                          (12" x 20" x 2¹⁄2")

                                          100 Servings:

                                          About 4 lb

                                          About 2 qt/4 steam table pans

                                          (12" x 20" x 2¹⁄2")